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 Calendar

1791

William I and Wilhelmine of Prussia, the parents of Marianne of Orange-Nassau, get married in Berlin.

   

1795

Following an invasion by the French Revolutionary Army, Marianne?s future parents flee the country not to return permanently until 1813.

   

9 May 1810

Wilhelmine Fredericka Louise Charlotte Marianne of the House of Orange-Nassau, in Poland known as Marianne of Orange-Nassau, is born in Berlin; Marianne is the third child of the marriage between William I, the king of the Netherlands, and Wilhelmine of Prussia.

   

1812

William I of Orange buys for his wife, Wilhelmine of Prussia, the village of Witostowice and what used to be the Church?s demesne, but has now been taken over by Prussia and is situated in Lower Silesia near Lubiąż, Henryków and Kamieniec Ząbkowicki.

   

1813

The royal family of Orange-Nassau returns to the Netherlands.

   

1815

The coronation of William I as a King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands (today?s Netherlands and Belgium).

   

1828

Marianne meets exiled Gustav von Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Vasa and an heir to the Swedish throne, at the Hague Palace of Plein. Gustav is 11 years Marianne?s senior; their affection and wedding plans fade away in the early months of 1829.

   

14 September 1830

Marianne of Orange-Nassau marries Albert of Prussia, whom she met one year earlier. Albert is a son of the Prussian king, Frederick William III, and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He is also a brother of the later William I Hohenzollern, the first emperor of the Germany?s Second Reich.

   

1831

Fredericka Louise Wilhelmine Marianne Charlotte is born; Marianne and Albert?s first child.

   

1832

Marianne gives birth to another child, who is either stillborn or dies within a few hours.

   

1837

- Marianne gives birth to Frederick Wilhelm Nikolaus Albert, Albert?s son later known as Albert Junior.

? Marianne?s mother, Wilhelmine of Prussia, dies in Hague.

   

8 April 1838

A purchase of Strachocin estate, as a result of which in the years to come Marianne often stays at the local manor (today's UMiG Stronie Śląskie [Stronie Śląskie Town and Commune Council])

   

1838

Several months later the Princess purchases the Śnieliński estate and on 1 December she visits Gniewoszów, where she receives a festive welcome by representatives of fourteen villages.

   

17 July 1839

Marianne?s first visit to Międzygórze, where she will build a forge and a new house for the village administrator in the course of the next few years.

   

1839

Marianne invites a cross-stitch teacher for girls to Kamieniec Ząbkowicki. She also starts employing other teachers to meet the needs of the local people and give peasants' children an access to education (at some point she even decided to sponsor Józef Schwarzer during his painting studies in Munich after she incidentally witnessed him working at Jakel?s china painting workshop in Złoty Stok).

   

20 July 1840

- Marianne climbs Śnieżnik together with her father, William I (after his abdication from the throne of the Netherlands).

? Another child is born on 27 August and is given the names of Fredericka Louise Wilhelmine Elisabeth. The girl dies on 9 October.

? The erection of a hunter?s lodge, a future office for the forest district of Kamieniec Ząbkowicki (altogether Marianne had 3 forest division offices and 26 forest district offices built. She also looked after people employed in forestry by endowing them with good remuneration and sufficient provisions).

   

1842

Marianne and Albert?s last child is born. The girl is called Fredericka Wilhelmine Louise Elisabeth Alexandrine.

   

1843

- Marianne?s father, William I, dies in Berlin.

? A furnace and finery (active until 1864-1865) intended for processing of the iron ore from Janowa Góra and Sienna are constructed in the northern part of Strachocin, near the border with Stójków (after 1945 the area comes under to a forest division and no traces of former industrial activity can be seen). Also a glass-cutting workshop is built.

? The erection of a small monument on Śnieżnik to commemorate Marianne?s and her father?s trip to the mountain top.
   

1844

- A new Dutch butler, Johannes van Rossum, arrives at Marianne and Albert?s court. The same year Marianne and Albert separate and the final decision regarding their impending divorce is made.

? The Widows' Treasury is established in Kamieniec Ząbkowicki.
   

1845

Marianne moves from Berlin to Hague.

   

1845 ? 1860

Marianne of Orange-Nassau funds the construction of a road which follows the route of Kamieniec Ząbkowicki ? Złoty Stok ? Lądek-Zdrój ? Stronie Śląskie ? Przełęcz Płoszczyca and covers the total distance of 55.29 km; the cost of this investment ? 12 thousand marks

   

1846

An application is sent to the Prussian king for the financial support of Złoty Stok Mayor.

   

1848

- The year of great famine. Marianne buys food for the poorest residents of her lands.

? Construction works on the school in Kamieniec Ząbkowicki are completed.
   

1849

- The only child of Marianne and van Rossum is born and given the names of Johannes William; Marianne is 39 years old.

? First investments of recreational nature are made in Międzygórze. Three nuns are being based in Zur Forelle house (today?s Nad Wodospadem [At the Waterfall]) and put in charge of looking after the Wilczki Waterfall?s surroundings and collecting fees from tourists visiting the site.
   

1853

Marianne of Orange-Nassau purchases an estate in Bílá Voda.

   

1855

- Mariannenhaus shelter and orphanage opens in Międzygórze.

? Charlotte, Marianne's daughter and Princess of Sachsem-Meiningen, dies.
   

1857

Completion of the first wing of the palace in Kamieniec Ząbkowicki. From now on the building can be inhabited and its chapel hosts the masses for the local evangelical community until the erection of the new church.

   

1858

Marianne acquires village council offices in Międzygórze (the administrative buildings burn down in 1908).

   

1862

Marianne gives significant support to Franz Losky by letting him purchase her lands in Stroń Śląski at a very attractive price and by offering him a free provision of wood for the construction of glassworks and crystal-cutting workshop; soon, a small settlement of Oranienhütte emerges, comprising several houses.

   

1869-1870

Zur gute Laune (Under a Good Date) inn is extended and turned into a hotel.

   

1870

Construction of a road linking the following places: Lądek-Zdrój ? Stronie Śląskie ? Śnieżnik.

   

1873

- Completion of the palace in Kamieniec Ząbkowicki.

? Marianne hands the management of her Silesian properties over to her son, Albert Junior.

? In the month of October, Johannes van Rossum dies in Erbach, having spent 28 years by Marianne?s side.

   

29 May 1883

The Dutch princess, Marianne of Orange-Nassau, dies in Erbach

   

1906

- Marianne?s son, Albert Junior, dies in Kamieniec Ząbkowicki.

? Death of Alexandrine, Marianne?s daughter and princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

   

1940

Marianne of Orange-Nassau?s grandson, Frederick Henry von Hohenzollern, dies in Stronie Śląskie.

 

 

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